The history of Bangladesh is the golden Bengal of Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941), the Bangladesh of Kazi Nazrul Islam (1899-1976) and the beautiful Bengal of Jibanananda Das (1899-1954). Father of the nation Vishwabandhu Sheikh was born on March 17, 1920 in Tungipara, Gopalganj. Mujibur Rahman. Countless people have observed how from 1940 to August 14, 1975, through political movements and ups and downs, a fearless one-time human-child rushed out like a meteor for the sake of the disenfranchised people without caring about anyone’s blood.
From 1948 to 1972, he was hanged twice on charges of treason, serving about 8 years in prison. He transformed step by step from ordinary political worker in the field day and night from ‘Mujib’ in 1940 to ‘Bishwabandhu’ in 1973. His house No. 677 on Road No. 32 in Dhaka’s Dhanmondi still stands as a witness to much of history. Today’s independent Bangladesh is independent from the 6-point independence and independence led by him. Former prime minister, politician and lawyer Maudud Ahmad (1940-2021) mentioned in a book – “Despite hundreds of criticisms, without the courage and leadership of Sheikh Mujib, Bangladesh could not have achieved independence in 1971. Mujib’s achievement as an individual is the greatest for Bangladesh being an independent country and the people of this country who are now an independent nation. Behind all this, a hero has served years in jail, has gone to the gallows. Bengali did not compromise in the fight for nationalism, how can the people of this country forget that?” (Source: Current History Life Some Times Some Things 1983-1990, Page-189-190).
He has expended more and different levels of intelligence and brainpower to transform from ‘Mujib’ to ‘Bishwabandhu’ than possible to make Bangladesh happy-prosperous-exploitation-free-discrimination-free after 1971 war. – To build a non-sectarian-enlightened state-society. For which he got only 1314 days.
He was uncompromising in the movement-struggle regardless of place, time and place, be it before the People’s War or after the People’s War. In a book by veteran journalist expatriate columnist Abdul Ghaffar Chowdhury (1934-2022), the conversation between President Ayub Khan and Ittefaq editor Tafazzal Hossain Manik Mia on January 19, 1966 at the end of Iftar at the Governor House, Lahore, is mentioned; The president said – “Well, Manik Mia, what does your friend want?” I proposed Fazlul Quader Chowdhury to him to become the Central Minister. Tried to negotiate with Sabur. I said, if he wants, I will remove Monem from the post of governor. Still he is handsome. What do you really want?
We both understood that he was talking about Sheikh Mujib. Manik Miah said that Sheikh Mujib knows that there will be no solution to the problem of East Pakistan if he becomes minister personally. (Information: Blood of History, August 15th, 1975, pp. 122-123). He was a courageous man with rare examples of patriotism. His life span was quite short, only 55 years (1920-1975), of which 35 years were in politics.
As a statesman, Bangabandhu followed the policy of non-alignment and took a stand for peace and justice. The ‘World Peace Council’ awarded the ‘Julio Curie’ peace medal and the title of ‘Bishwabandhu’ on 23 May 1973. As a result Bangshardul Sheikh Mujibur Rahman transformed from ‘Bangabandhu’ to ‘Bishwabandhu’. On August 16, 2019, at a meeting of his 44th martyrdom anniversary at the United Nations Headquarters for the first time at the initiative of the Bangladeshi Permanent Mission to the United Nations, diplomats called him ‘Friends of the World’ for his struggle and contribution to the cause of oppressed people. In addition, on April 14, 2004, a BBC audience polled Biswabandhu as the greatest Bengali of all time.
Moreover, former Prime Minister politician Kazi Zafar Ahmad (1939-2015) mentions in a book – “He was not a leader who emerged suddenly. Through a long series of struggles, he is not only national in the political arena; He was able to establish himself in the international arena” (Source: 60 years of my political ebb and flow, page-243). He is an eternal chapter in history, his achievements cannot be erased even after a hundred attempts. His contribution in international arena is immense and significant. In political life, he has led real transformation without any kind of compromise. He has a unique history not only in Bangladesh but also on the world map and the voice of liberation of oppressed and oppressed people without rights. He wanted to build a healthy, strong, knowledgeable, non-discrimination, non-communal, enlightened people with a welfare-oriented, developed Bangladesh. Veteran journalist columnist ABM Musa (1931-2014) wrote about Sheikh Mujib in one of his books – “Many great leaders have been born in this country, many have walked skillfully in the arena of politics, no one is more suitable than him to run the state and government in terms of knowledge, intelligence and talent.” Someone was vaiki; But could anyone speak of love to the people like him?” (Source: Mujib Bhai, Page-81).
Unpleasant but true- 48 years ago reactionary evil forces killed Biswabandhu just 1332 days after winning the war in order to maintain uninterrupted dominance in Asia including the Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean and to systematically destroy the national power with the objective of establishing an ideology and a realistic dream of building Bangladesh. This murder is not only the murder of a rare person like him in history – this murder is the murder of the dream of an independent nation to transform into a healthy-strong-conscious-scientific-minded enlightened free nation. If the mystery of this murder is revealed, it will come out how the domestic and foreign self-interested people have conspired with some political leaders and class professionals since the time of public war and have made the Himalayan Mujib unpopular and put the responsibility of killing on others. A country sends a senior official to keep Janak under surveillance, but he is later killed because of his attraction to Mujib, and the body is not autopsied despite the family’s demands. Due to whose obstruction, the development of friendly relations with a country was not possible in 1972 in the national interest. Who and how caused the 1974 famine; How natives and foreigners have failed to use Janak for their own interests. Who helped the victims to go abroad for anti-government activities, with passports in different names, plane tickets and accommodation and shelter in 5 countries; Who destroys the country’s economy and goes abroad; Who said that on August 14, Nikhil exploded a bomb to prevent Vishwabandhu’s arrival at Dhaka University and threw the body into the Bay of Bengal after the murder; What was the role of senior state officials before and after Mujib’s assassination; Murderers who are strong in the power of kinship; Who helped the killers (including several families) with chartered flights and fares to Bangkok, stay in Libya and other assistance including money to travel to various countries; Many may find it hard to believe, but many unknown facts and names of ministers-MPs and party leaders convicted of corruption will come to light, including many hideous faces hidden behind masks, who are involved in conspiracies and murders; After the killing of Biswabandhu, the main killers tried to make independent Bangladesh a subservient state.
However, the people, including the leaders of the political parties, still could not understand the cause of the killing of Vishwabandhu. Therefore, the people including the leaders will never know the real reason behind the killing of the dying father of the nation, Biswabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman? In the larger interest of the country and the nation, it is the moral responsibility of the government to expose the face of the domestic-foreign gangs involved in the main conspiracy on the fiftieth anniversary of Vishwabandhu’s assassination on August 15, 2025, by forming an acceptable citizens’ commission. The decline of the country, which started with the assassination of the cause, has not been stopped even today. As a result of which freedom is trapped, Bangladesh is trapped; Violence in the political arena; Propaganda at home and abroad; slander on stage; Public concerns; Even today quality food-clothing-shelter-education-health-work rest-entertainment-holiday-social security is not guaranteed for everyone; The country’s special land-water-forest owners are a few people; The hundred-millionaire production and reproduction process is maintained; The honor of worship is supreme; All in all, two societies, two economies; The majority of the people have not become the owners of the republic but have become ‘subjects’ and the people’s servants, rulers and administrators have become ‘kings’. But – as mentioned in Article 21 of the Constitution, “It is the duty of every person engaged in the work of the Republic to endeavor at all times to serve the people.” Now the per capita debt of the people is 1 lakh 5 thousand 252 taka. Another 15 thousand 187 taka will increase in the next one year. As a result, the loan amount will be 1 lakh 20 thousand 439 taka.
President of Bangladesh Economic Association and Founder Chairman of Dhaka University Japan Studies Professor Dr. A book by Abul Barkat (1954) mentions- “Only 25 percent of the foreign debt-aid flows in the last three decades reached those for whom the aid came, and 75 percent was variously looted (25% by foreigners, 30% by the country’s bureaucrats, politicians, commission agents, consultants, contractors and 20% urban and rural elites). The process of foreign debt-aid looting has progressively corrupted the economy, and perpetuating economic corruption has also corrupted politics” (Source: Bangladesh Economic Association Alternative Budget Proposal 2022-23: A Democratic Budget, page-32).
Also mentioned on page 124 of the aforementioned book by Maudud Ahmad, “After Sheikh Mujib was killed, Khandaker Mushtaq tried to keep a political process going. In fact, judging from all practical points of view, the politics of the country turned from the hands of the people into the politics of power after that murder.” Bangladesh embarked on a new path, which was not unlike the movements that took place in the country from 1947 to 1971, rather it was the exact opposite of the process and regime against which countless people had sacrificed their lives. towards To get rid of the regime of power-based politics, which had to fight to break the country and bring independence, Bangladesh returned to that regime.” Therefore, if the government fails to form a commission to unravel the mystery of the genocide, no matter how much time it takes, we will make it public on behalf of the self-responsible social organization ‘Parjanmer Chetna’ for the greater interest of history. On December 1, 2019, the slogan written by the central member of the organization, Md Chalek-ur-Rahman (Sumon) – “The wheel of history will turn, it will turn, it will cut the darkness, the real history will come to light.”
Inspired by pure patriotism, Biswabandhu was unwaveringly loyal to the struggle for the rightful rights of the oppressed people not only of Bangladesh but also of the world. No power, domestic or foreign, could ever dislodge him to the lowest degree on this question. In the history of the world, there are very few powerful leaders with forgiveness and generous spirit like him. For example, Kazi Zafar Ahmad mentions on page 255 of the aforementioned book- “We have many criticisms about Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. But the truth is, he was a politician from head to toe. He climbed to the golden pinnacle of power through a long political process. That is why he had a weakness for all political workers. Whenever he saw that my life was in danger, he did whatever was necessary to save me. He came forward to save me because of the love, affection and compassion he had for the political worker. It is a generosity of his heart, a magnanimity that must be acknowledged.”
Even if the physical height of the Himalayan-like Vishwabandhu could be measured with a yardstick, his firmness of personality or the vastness of his heart could not be measured by any yardstick or weighed on a scale. Today, he owes not only the people of Bangladesh, but also the oppressed people of the world. “Bishbandhu” will be a source of motivation for the people in the movement and struggle for the realization of rights. At the same time, centuries after centuries will be marked in the history of the world by his unique timeless best speech of March 7, 1971 of his political career.